Nagoya Protocol

A supplementary agreement to the Convention on Biological Diversity that provides a transparent legal framework for the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilisation of genetic resources.

Nasdaq OMX Clean Edge Global Wind Energy Index

An index designed to measure the performance of public companies that are active in the wind energy industry based on analysis of the products and services offered by those companies.

National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs)

Documents prepared by least-developed countries (LDCs) identifying urgent and immediate needs for adapting to climate change.

National Inventory Report (NIR)

Part of the report made to the UNFCCC by all Parties included in Annex I to the Convention, being an estimate of all emissions and removals of GHGs from sources and sinks in a given year.

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

A term used under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) whereby a country that has joined the Paris Agreement outlines its plans for reducing its emissions.

Native American

A broad term that refers to people of North and South America but is generally used to describe the indigenous people from the United States.

Natural Capital

The elements of the natural environment which provide valuable goods and services to people.

Natural Capital Accounting

A method of assessing natural ecosystems’ contributions to the economy in order to help governments better understand their economies’ reliance on natural capital, track changes in natural ecosystems that may have implications for industries and manage natural resources and ecosystems to ensure their economic benefits are sustained into the future.

Natural Capital Declaration (NCD)

An initiative by CEOs from the finance sector to integrate natural capital consideration into loans, public and private equity, and fixed-income and insurance products.

Natural Capital Dependence

A company’s operational dependence on natural capital.

Natural Capital Protocol

A framework for businesses to identify, measure, and value their impacts and dependencies on natural capital, from their sourcing of raw materials to their use of water.

Natural Climate Solutions

Nature-based solutions that can lead to emission reductions necessary to achieve global climate goals. Such solutions include improved land management practices, conservation and land restoration that can increase carbon storage or reduce greenhouse gas emissions in landscapes and wetlands.

Natural Gas

Underground deposits of gases consisting of 50 to 90 percent methane (CH4) and small amounts of heavier gaseous hydrocarbon compounds such as propane (C3H8) and butane (C4H10).

Natural Resources

A range of materials occurring in nature that can be used for production and/or consumption.

Natural Variability

Variations in the mean state and other statistics (such as standard deviations or statistics of extremes) of the climate on all time and space scales beyond that of individual weather events.

Nature-Based Solutions

Actions designed to sustainably manage, protect and restore ecosystems, addressing societal challenges effectively and adaptively, while providing human well-being and biodiversity benefits.

Nature-related disclosures

Disclosures made by organisations about their exposure to natural hazards.

Nauru Agreement

A subregional agreement on terms and conditions for tuna purse seine fishing licences in the Pacific islands region.

NB / Non-binary / ‘Enby’

An acronym used to refer to nonbinary people (who do not identify their gender as male or female).


See New Collective Qualified Goal on Climate Finance (NCQG)

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