The greenium is the amount by which the yield on a green/sustainable bond or other instrument is lower, compared with a similar conventional instrument.

Activity Metrics

Data points that measure a company’s ability to use its resources efficiently.

Adaptation Fund

Fund established to finance concrete adaptation projects and programmes in developing countries that are particularly vulnerable and are Parties to the Kyoto Protocol.

Adaptive Capacity

The ability of a system to adjust to climate change.

AirCarbon Exchange (ACX)

A Singapore-based exchange for carbon credits.

Angel Investor (Business Angel)

An individual who provides capital to start-ups.

Anthropocene Fixed Income Institute (AFII)

A non-profit think tank/research body taking a market-based approach to positive climate impact in fixed-income markets.

Ardour Global Alternative Energy Index

An index of companies in the alternative energy space, with a special focus on Renewable Energy.

Article 8 fund

Under SFDR, a Fund that promotes environmental or social characteristics, or a combination of those, provided that the companies in which the investments are made follow good governance practices.

Article 9 fund

Under SFDR, a fund that targets bespoke investments with sustainability as a specific objective and with an index as a designated reference benchmark.

Asia-Pacific Climate Finance Fund

A multi-donor trust fund established in 2017 to support development and implementation of financial risk management products that can help unlock capital for climate investments and improve resilience to the impact of climate change in the Asia-Pacific region.

Asset classes

A group of financial instruments that have similar characteristics and/or marketplace behaviours.

Asset lock

A provision in the governing document of an entity that prevents, or otherwise restricts, the assets of a company from being used for private gain, rather than for community benefit or the stated purposes of the organisation.

Asset-backed lending

Any loan that is secured by an asset.

Asset-based community development

An approach to sustainable, community-driven development based on the premise that communities can drive the development process themselves by identifying and mobilizing existing but often unrecognized assets.

Assets under management (AUM)

The combined market value of the assets controlled by an asset manager (private equity firm, investment fund, depository institution, etc) on behalf of clients.

Best-in-class investment

A comparative investment style that involves investing only in companies that lead their peer groups in respect of sustainability performance.

Blended finance

The strategic use of development finance for the mobilisation of additional finance towards sustainable development, especially in developing countries.


Shareholders who own large blocks (typically at least 5%) of a company’s common shares.

Bloomberg ESG Disclosure Scores

Bloomberg’s platform for enhancing a firm’s ESG data sourcing across multiple providers.

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