Biophilic architecture

Designing buildings with green roofs, green walls and green balconies to bring nature into the densest parts of cities as a means of creating green infrastructure and promoting human health benefits.

Biophilic design

See biophilic architecture

Biophilic urbanism

The strategic integration of nature in cities through planning and design.

Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM)

Leading science-based suite of validation and certification systems for sustainable built environments, supporting ESG solutions in net zero carbon, whole life performance, health and social impact, circularity and resilience, biodiversity, and disclosure and reporting.

Carbon Risk Real Estate Monitor (CRREM)

A research and innovation project that defines science-based decarbonisation pathways for the commercial and residential real estate sectors to manage transition risks and align with Paris targets.

Embodied Energy

A calculation of all the energy that is used to produce a material or product including mining, manufacture and transport.

Green architecture

An approach to building that tries to minimise the negative environmental impacts of construction.

Green Building

A building that is constructed to reduce negative Environmental Impacts and create positive Environmental Impacts throughout the Life Cycle of the building.

Green infrastructure

The interconnected set of natural and constructed ecological systems, green spaces and other landscape features.

Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC)

Heating, ventilation and air conditioning technology is used to control temperature and humidity in an indoor environment such as buildings or vehicles, providing thermal comfort and healthy air quality to the occupants.


See Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI)

International WELL Building Institute

A global movement to transform health and well-being with a people-first approach to buildings, organisations and communities.

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)

A worldwide green building certification program.

Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI)

An international non-governmental organisation that forms a global network of more than 2500 local and regional governments committed to sustainable urban development.


A city with a population of over 10 million people.

Sustainable design

An approach to building design that aims to reduce negative environmental impacts, improve occupant health and boost overall building efficiency and performance.

Sustainable Outcomes Guide

A guide published by the Royal Institute of British Architects that defines a concise measurable set of eight sustainable outcomes corresponding to key UN Sustainable Development Goals and deliverable on building projects of all scales.

Transit-oriented development (TOD)

An approach to urban development that maximises the amount of residential, business and leisure space within walking distance of efficient public transport.

Urban Land Institute (ULI)

A non-profit research and education organisation whose mission is to provide leadership in the responsible use of land and in creating and sustaining thriving communities worldwide.