2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

A UN resolution made in September 2015 adopting a plan of action for people, planet and prosperity in a new global development framework anchored in 17 Sustainable Development Goals.


The action of abating or being abated; ending, reducing or subsiding.


In an ESG context, an action or task performed in support of a specific impact objective.


The additional value or outcome contributed by an intervention.


Made by people or resulting from human activities; the belief that humans are the central or most significant entities in the world.

Armchair activist

An activist who engages in ineffective forms of activism.

Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate

A partnership that brings together Australia, Canada, China, India, Japan, South Korea and the United States to address the challenges of climate change, energy security and air pollution in a way that encourages economic development and reduces poverty.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

A neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by excessive amounts of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that are pervasive, impairing in multiple contexts, and otherwise age-inappropriate.


A branch of science that deals with living organisms and their vital processes.


Organic material, usually plant-based, used as fuel to produce heat or electricity.


Techniques that use living organisms or parts of organisms to produce a variety of products; to enhance plants or animals; to develop microorganisms for specific uses.

Build Back Better

A term initiated by the OECD and adopted by several governments to describe initiatives aimed at recovering from the Covid-19 pandemic.


Average weather

Climate services

Information and products that enhance users’ knowledge and understanding about the impacts of climate change and/or climate variability to aid the decision-making of individuals and organisations and enable preparedness and early climate change action.


Also known as ‘ancillary benefits’, the benefits of policies implemented for various reasons at the same time.


In a Social Impact context, citizens and professionals sharing power to design, deliver and evaluate better social services.


See Conference of the Parties

Coping capacity

The ability of people, institutions, organisations and systems to address, manage, and overcome adverse conditions in the short to medium term.

Ecological Sustainability

A condition in which the productivity and biodiversity – and by extension, the health – of an ecosystem remains the same or increases over time.

Ecologically Sustainable Development

A development philosophy that mandates precautionary environmental planning, long-term equity, conservation of ecosystem diversity and integrity, and economics that incentivise environmental health and punish pollution.

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