Cadbury Committee, The (1992)

An initiative by the accountancy profession and its sponsors (the Financial Reporting Council, the London Stock Exchange and the Bank of England) “to help raise the standards of corporate governance and the level of confidence in financial reporting and auditing.”

Campaign for Greener Arbitrations

An initiative to reduce the carbon footprint of international arbitrations through behavioural change.

Cancun Agreements

A set of significant decisions made by the global community at the 2010 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Cancun, Mexico to address and speed up the global response to climate change.

Cap and Trade

A government regulatory system designed to give companies an incentive to reduce their carbon emissions.

Capital Market Efficiency

The degree to which market prices reflect all available, relevant information.

Capitals Coalition

A global collaboration redefining value to transform decision-making.

Carbon accounting

A way of measuring the climate impact of an organisation’s business activities by using accounting principles to quantify its greenhouse gas emissions.

Carbon Bubble

The Carbon Bubble hypothesis describes the overvaluation of companies that are dependent on fossil fuel energy as this value will decrease as they seek to achieve carbon reduction targets.

Carbon Budget

The scientifically regarded maximum amount of cumulative net global anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) that can be emitted over a specified period without global warming and climate change exceeding tolerable limits.

Carbon Call, The

An initiative that aims to mobilise companies to report their GHG emissions regularly, transparently, and comprehensively.

Carbon capture and storage (CCS)

Capture of carbon dioxide before it is released into the atmosphere by industrial processes, followed by its permanent storage, typically underground or in the deep ocean.

Carbon capture and storage/sequestration

The process of capturing carbon dioxide (CO₂) formed during power generation and industrial processes and storing it so that it is not emitted into the atmosphere.

Carbon credit

A tradable permit or certificate that authorises its holder to emit one ton of carbon dioxide or an equivalent amount of another GHG.

Carbon Credit Quality Initiative (CCQI)

A free, user-friendly tool to score different types of carbon credits against seven quality objectives.

Carbon cycle

The process by which carbon passes between the earth and its atmosphere through photosynthesis, respiration, organic decay and burning of fossil fuels.

Carbon dioxide (CO2)

A naturally occurring gas which is also a by-product of burning fossil fuels and biomass, land-use changes and other industrial processes.

Carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e / CO2-eq)

A metric measure used to compare the emissions from various greenhouse gases based upon their global warming potential (GWP).

Carbon dioxide removal (CDR)

Anthropogenic activities to remove CO2 from the atmosphere and durably store it in products or geological, terrestrial or ocean reservoirs.

Carbon finance

A form of financing for projects tied to reductions in GHG emissions. Carbon finance places a financial value on carbon emissions and allows companies who wish to offset their emissions against carbon credits earned from sustainable projects.

Carbon footprint

The total amount of greenhouse gases that are emitted into the atmosphere each year by a person, family, building, organisation or company.

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