Bamako Convention

See Convention on the Ban of the Import into Africa and the Control of Transboundary Movements and Management of Hazardous Wastes within Africa, Bamako, 1991

Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal

An international treaty that seeks to protect human health and the environment from the adverse effects of hazardous wastes, by controlling its movement across borders.

Circular design

Finding ways to reduce and eliminate waste and pollution and keeping products and materials in use rather than throwing them away.

Clean technology / Cleantech / Greentech

A range of products, services and processes that reduce the use of natural resources and/or cut or eliminate emissions and waste.

Closed-loop recycling

A recycling system in which a product can be recycled into a similar product with minimal loss of material due to non-recyclable content.

Closed-loop system

The type of production system used in a Circular Economy.

Collaborative Consumption

A type of market whereby consumers use technology to share, rent and borrow underused goods and services instead of buying them.

Convention on the Ban of the Import into Africa and the Control of Transboundary Movements and Management of Hazardous Wastes within Africa, 1991 (Bamako Convention)

A treaty of African nations prohibiting the import into Africa of any hazardous (including radioactive) waste.


A sustainability framework integrating design and science that eliminates the concept of waste.

Cradle-to-Gate Inventory

A partial life cycle of an intermediate product, from material acquisition through to when the product leaves the organisation’s gate.


A sustainability framework that considers a product’s impact throughout its lifespan as opposed to that of single use.


A method of recycling in which materials are broken down and reconstituted into a lower-value product.


The process of recycling electronic devices.

End-of-Life Product Disposal

The process of disposing a product after the vendor or manufacturer of the device no longer supports, sells, or manufactures the product.

Energy Recovery

The act of converting waste material (usually non- recyclable material) into usable heat, electricity, or fuel energy, usually via combustion or burning.

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)

A policy implemented by governments that places financial and/or physical responsibility on the producers of goods and products for the treatment and disposal of post-consumer waste.

Green waste

Any waste that can be composted.


Lightly-used water from restroom sinks, showers, bathtubs, washing machines, etc (not toilets or urinals).

Integrated water resources management (IWRM)

A process which promotes the coordinated development and management of water, land and related resources in order to maximise economic and social welfare in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems.

Recovered Material

Waste material and by-products that have been recovered or diverted from solid waste, excluding materials and by-products generated from, and commonly reused within, the original manufacturing process.

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