- Air capture
The direct capture of CO2 and other GHGs from the atmosphere.
- Air capture credits
See Air Capture
- Anthropogenic removals
The withdrawal of GHGs from the atmosphere as a result of deliberate human activities.
- Bioenergy with carbon dioxide capture and storage (BECCS)
Carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) technology applied to a bioenergy facility.
An approach to innovation that seeks sustainable solutions to man-made problems by emulating nature’s patterns and strategies. Biomimicry also occurs naturally in the wild.
- Internet of Things (IoT)
The network of internet-connected computing devices embedded in everyday objects such as cars, phones and computers, enabling them to send and receive data.
- Nature-Based Solutions
Actions designed to sustainably manage, protect and restore ecosystems, addressing societal challenges effectively and adaptively, while providing human well-being and biodiversity benefits.
- Net negative emissions
When, as result of human activities, more greenhouse gases are removed from the atmosphere than are emitted into it.
- No-regrets option
Actions that are cost-effective under current climate conditions, are consistent with addressing risks of climate change and possess no hard trade-offs with other policy objectives.
- Socio-technical transitions
Socio-technical transitions are where technological change is associated with social systems and the two are inextricably linked.
- Solar radiation modification (SRM)
Refers to the intentional modification of the earth’s shortwave radiative budget with the aim of reducing warming.
- Sustainable technology
Technology which can contribute to a more resource-efficient future and is mainly found in four areas: renewable energy, digitalisation, decarbonisation and circular economy.
Technological services and products that are designed to produce a positive social and/or environmental outcome.
- Technology transfer
The exchange of knowledge, hardware and associated software, money and goods among stakeholders, which leads to the spread of technology for adaptation or mitigation.