Aarhus Convention

The Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters

Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA)

An intergovernmental treaty dedicated to the conservation of migratory waterbirds and their habitats across Africa, Europe, the Middle East, Central Asia, Greenland and the Canadian Archipelago.

Alpine Convention

An international territorial treaty for the sustainable development of the Alps.

Annex I Parties

The industrialised countries listed in Annex I to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Annex II Parties

The industrialised countries listed in Annex II to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution, 2002

An Agreement by the member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations to reduce haze pollution in Southeast Asia.

Ashkan’s clause

A model clause developed through the Chancery Lane Project that requires contractors and project delivery teams to use sustainable on-site working practices to reduce the energy used in construction.

Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate

A partnership that brings together Australia, Canada, China, India, Japan, South Korea and the United States to address the challenges of climate change, energy security and air pollution in a way that encourages economic development and reduces poverty.

Bali Agenda for Resilience

Title of the Co-Chairs’ Summary of the seventh session of the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction, Bali, Indonesia, 25-27 May 2022.

Bamako Convention

See Convention on the Ban of the Import into Africa and the Control of Transboundary Movements and Management of Hazardous Wastes within Africa, Bamako, 1991

Barcelona Convention for Protection against Pollution in the Mediterranean Sea, 1976

A regional framework applicable to countries adjoining or operating in the Mediterranean Sea, to prevent pollution of and protect the natural environments in that sea.

Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal

An international treaty that seeks to protect human health and the environment from the adverse effects of hazardous wastes, by controlling its movement across borders.

Biological Weapons Convention, 1972

See Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological [Biological] and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction, 1972 (BWC)

Bonn Agreement, 1969

An agreement among the coastal nations of the North Sea in 1969 to cooperate in the avoidance and combating of environmental pollution in the North Sea.

Build Back Greener

Part of the title of the UK Government policy paper “Net Zero Strategy: Build Back Greener” first published in 2021.

Campaign for Greener Arbitrations

An initiative to reduce the carbon footprint of international arbitrations through behavioural change.

Cancun Agreements

A set of significant decisions made by the global community at the 2010 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Cancun, Mexico to address and speed up the global response to climate change.

Cap and Trade

A government regulatory system designed to give companies an incentive to reduce their carbon emissions.

Carbon Neutral Islands

A programme for Scottish government commitment aimed at supporting islands to become carbon neutral by 2040.

Carpathian Convention (Framework Convention on the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Carpathians)

A framework-type convention pursuing a comprehensive policy and cooperating in the protection and sustainable development of the Carpathians.

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