Affirming Honorific

A title (e.g., Mr., Ms., or Mx.) that affirms a person’s identity.

Affirming Pronouns

Pronouns that match a person’s gender identity (e.g., he, she, they).

Africa Climate Summit (ACS)

An African climate summit, the inaugural event being held in Nairobi, Kenya from 4 – 8 September 2023.

Africa Energy Guarantee Facility (AEGF)

A guarantee to support reinsurers in the provision of investment and trade insurance services for the African energy sector through local partners.

Africa integrated assessment on air pollution and climate change

A project under the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) and UNEP that links sustainable development to clean air and climate action to deliver agriculture, health and environmental benefits.

African American

The term African American refers to people in the United States who have ethnic origins in Africa.

African Climate Foundation

An African-led strategic grant-maker and think-tank working at the nexus of climate change and development.

African Parks

A non-profit conservation organisation that takes on the complete responsibility for the rehabilitation and long-term management of national parks in partnership with governments and local communities.

Agency Cost

An internal company expense incurred by an agent taking action on the principal’s behalf.

Agency Issues / Problems

A conflict of interest between two parties.


A person who does not identify themselves as having a particular gender.

Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA)

An intergovernmental treaty dedicated to the conservation of migratory waterbirds and their habitats across Africa, Europe, the Middle East, Central Asia, Greenland and the Canadian Archipelago.

Aichi Biodiversity Targets

20 time-bound, measurable targets in The Strategic Plan for Biodiversity which were to have been met by 2020.

Air capture

The direct capture of CO2 and other GHGs from the atmosphere.

Air capture credits

See Air Capture

AirCarbon Exchange (ACX)

A Singapore-based exchange for carbon credits.


The fraction of solar radiation reflected by a surface or object.

Aligned Incentives (Alignment of Incentives)

In business terms, where the corporate goals and related compensation of persons in management (especially senior executives) are aligned with the interests of shareholders.

Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS)

An ad hoc coalition of low-lying and island countries.


In a D&I context, a person who expresses or gives support to a marginalised, disadvantaged or socially underrepresented group of which they are not a member.

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