Land surface air temperature

The near-surface air temperature over land, typically measured at 1.25–2 m above the ground using standard meteorological equipment.

Land use

The total of arrangements, activities and inputs undertaken in a certain land cover type (a set of human actions).

Land Use Planning

The process by which a society, through its institutions, decides where socioeconomic activities such as agriculture, housing, industry, recreation, and commerce should take place within its territory.

Land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF)

See: Land-use change (LUC).

Land-use change (LUC)

A change from one land use category to another.

Latin American Association of Development Financing Institutions (ALIDE)

An international organisation that represents Latin American and Caribbean development banking.

Law Society Climate Change Resolution

A resolution by the Law Society of England & Wales, made on 5 May 2020, with regard to climate change and the legal profession.

Law Students for Climate Accountability

A movement among law students at law schools in the United States and beyond, that invites law firms to pledge to not take on any new work to support the fossil fuels industry and to phase out current work by 2025, and encourages law students not to work for law firms that score poorly on the Climate Change Scorecard that it publishes.

Lawyers are Responsible (LAR)

A group of prominent lawyers, mostly in England, campaigning for law firms to cut their ties to the fossil fuel industry.


See Least Developed Country (LDC)

Leadership and commitment

In an ISO standard context, leadership and commitment to the organisation’s objectives in terms of the applicable standard.

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)

A worldwide green building certification program.


That portion of cuts in greenhouse gas emissions by developed countries that are trying to meet mandatory limits and that may reappear in other countries not bound by such limits.

Least Developed Country (LDC)

The Least Developed Countries are 46 nations that are “especially vulnerable to climate change but have done the least to cause the problem.”

Lempert-Nguyen Indicator

A tool created to evaluate NGOs, international organisations and government bodies on whether they are meeting the criteria for sustainable development as outlined in the Rio Declaration.


A female-identified person who is attracted emotionally, physically, or sexually to other female-identified people.


An irrational fear or hatred of, and discrimination against, lesbians or lesbian behaviour.


Investing borrowed capital to expand assets and amplify returns. Investors use debt to maximise buying power while companies often use debt as it has a cheaper cost of capital than equity.

Leveraged Buy-Out (LBO)

A transaction where a company is acquired using debt as the main source of consideration.


Acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender which is used to encompass sexual preference and gender identities that do not correspond to heterosexual norms.

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