One of the core Paris Agreement goals to pursue efforts to limit global warming to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels in order to reduce the risk of the most significant projected impacts of climate change.

1.5° warmer world

Projected worlds in which global warming has reached and, unless otherwise indicated, been limited to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.

Abatement potential

The amount of GHG reductions that could be technologically and economically feasible to achieve.

African Climate Foundation

An African-led strategic grant-maker and think-tank working at the nexus of climate change and development.

Air capture

The direct capture of CO2 and other GHGs from the atmosphere.

Air capture credits

See Air Capture

Alternative Energy Target

A goal set by a national or state government to increase the share of Renewable Energy within its power generation portfolio.

Annex I Parties

The industrialised countries listed in Annex I to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Annex II Parties

The industrialised countries listed in Annex II to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Annual Efficiency Ratio (AER)

The ratio of a ship’s carbon emissions based on capacity and distance e.g. deadweight tonnage per nautical mile (dwt/nm) sailed.

Article 6 (of the Paris Agreement)

Under the Paris Agreement, a set of rules agreed at UNFCC COP 26 in 2021 concerning the implementation of NDCs and promoting sustainable development.

Asia-Pacific Climate Finance Fund

A multi-donor trust fund established in 2017 to support development and implementation of financial risk management products that can help unlock capital for climate investments and improve resilience to the impact of climate change in the Asia-Pacific region.

Assigned amount unit (AAU)

A Kyoto Protocol unit equal to 1 metric tonne of CO2 equivalent.

Association of Climate Change Officers (ACCO)

US-based professional development membership organisation and cross-sector community of practice for individuals addressing climate change in their organisations’ operations and mission.

Avoided deforestation

Protecting native forest in areas that would otherwise be cleared for crops or grassland.

Beyond Carbon

A Bloomberg Philanthropies campaign against climate change in the United States.

Beyond Coal

A campaign by environmental group the Sierra Club to promote renewable energy instead of coal.

Bloomberg Global Coal Countdown

A Bloomberg data source on coal electricity generation capacity and plant phase-out progress around the world.

Blue Action Lab

An NGO based in Freeport, Grand Bahama Island, that provides a platform to rapidly develop, test, scale and finance novel technologies related to the blue economy, especially related to island and other coastal resilience to climate change.

Blue carbon

The carbon stored in coastal and marine ecosystems.

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