To actively oppose racism by advocating for political, economic, and social change.

Apply and Explain

A regulatory approach that assumes organisations comply with a provision of a Code and requires them to explain how their practices achieve this compliance.

Apply or Explain

A regulatory approach that allows organisations to explain publicly why they do not comply with a provision of a Code.

Ardour Global Alternative Energy Index

An index of companies in the alternative energy space, with a special focus on Renewable Energy.

Armchair activist

An activist who engages in ineffective forms of activism.

Article 4 Firm-level Disclosures

Firm-level Disclosures on Principal Adverse Sustainability Impacts required by Article 4 of SFDR.

Article 6 (of the Paris Agreement)

Under the Paris Agreement, a set of rules agreed at UNFCC COP 26 in 2021 concerning the implementation of NDCs and promoting sustainable development.

Article 6 fund

A fund defined in Article 6 of SFDR, that does not integrate any kind of sustainability into the investment process and could include stocks currently excluded by ESG funds

Article 8 fund

Under SFDR, a Fund that promotes environmental or social characteristics, or a combination of those, provided that the companies in which the investments are made follow good governance practices.

Article 9 fund

Under SFDR, a fund that targets bespoke investments with sustainability as a specific objective and with an index as a designated reference benchmark.

Articles of Association

One of the two governing documents that form a company’s constitution.


See Autism Spectrum Disorder

ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution, 2002

An Agreement by the member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations to reduce haze pollution in Southeast Asia.

Ashkan’s clause

A model clause developed through the Chancery Lane Project that requires contractors and project delivery teams to use sustainable on-site working practices to reduce the energy used in construction.

Asia-Pacific Climate Finance Fund

A multi-donor trust fund established in 2017 to support development and implementation of financial risk management products that can help unlock capital for climate investments and improve resilience to the impact of climate change in the Asia-Pacific region.

Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate

A partnership that brings together Australia, Canada, China, India, Japan, South Korea and the United States to address the challenges of climate change, energy security and air pollution in a way that encourages economic development and reduces poverty.

Asian Corporate Governance Association

An independent, non-profit membership organisation dedicated to working with investors, companies and regulators in the implementation of effective corporate governance practices throughout Asia.

Asset classes

A group of financial instruments that have similar characteristics and/or marketplace behaviours.

Asset lock

A provision in the governing document of an entity that prevents, or otherwise restricts, the assets of a company from being used for private gain, rather than for community benefit or the stated purposes of the organisation.

Asset-backed lending

Any loan that is secured by an asset.

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