Key Performance Indicators (KPIs)

Quantifiable indicators used to measure and compare performance on identified issues to assess progress toward specific targets and goals.

King Code of Governance Principles (King 4 / King IV)

Guidelines (voluntary principles and leading practices) for the governance structures and operation of companies, originating in South Africa.

King IV

See: King Code of Governance Principles.

Kinsey Scale

A scale used in in social science research to describe a person’s sexual orientation based on one’s experience or response at a given time.

KLD 400 Social Index

A capitalisation-weighted index by Morgan Stanley Capital International of 400 US securities connected to companies that have “outstanding” ESG scores.


A digital currency backed by carbon credit assets

Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework

A historic package of measures agreed in 2022 at COP15 of the Convention on Biodiversity, deemed critical to addressing the dangerous loss of biodiversity and restoring natural ecosystems.

Kuwait Regional Convention for Co-operation on the Protection of the Marine Environment from Pollution, Kuwait, 1978

A regional treaty between Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, with aims to prevent, abate and combat pollution of the marine environment.

Kyoto Protocol

An international treaty adopted in December 1997 in Kyoto, Japan, at the Third Session of the Conference of the Parties (COP3) to the UNFCCC. It represents the first attempt at a legally-binding global regime to prevent climate change,