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A term often used to describe racially, ethnically or culturally distinct groups that are usually subordinate to more dominant groups (minority groups). However, a minority in one setting is not always a minority in another. For example, Black students typically make up the bulk of the campus population at historically Black institutions.

Groups qualifying as minorities are sometimes formally defined. For instance, the NASDAQ stock exchange (which as new roles requiring its members to be diverse) defines “underrepresented minority” to mean any individual who self-identifies as one or more of the following: Black or African American, Hispanic or Latinx, Asian, Native American or Alaskan Native, Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, or two or more races or ethnicities. LGBTQ+ means any individual who self-identifies as any of the following: lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or a member of the queer community.


United Nations Minorities
Minority Rights Group International