Climate extreme (extreme weather or climate event) 

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The occurrence of a value of a weather or climate variable above (or below) a threshold value near the upper (or lower) ends of the range of observed values of the variable. For simplicity, both extreme weather events and extreme climate events are referred to collectively as ‘climate extremes’.

See also Extreme weather event.

Links

Mapped: How climate change affects extreme weather around the world visualisation
Climate Extremes: Observations, Modeling, and Impacts